Hair Loss in Children

H​air loss, or alopecia, isn’t just a problem for adults. Hair loss in children is responsible for an estimated 3% of pediatric office visits in the U.S. Whether your child has thinning hair or distinct bald spots, the loss of hair can be frightening. The good news is that, with a proper diagnosis, most cases of hair loss can be treated successfully.

Medical Causes of Hair Loss in Children

For the majority of children 26 months or older suffering hair loss, one of the following conditions isthe cause. Your child’s pediatrician or a pediatric dermatologist should be able to diagnose these conditions and prescribe the appropriate treatment. Tinea capitis, commonly known as ringworm of the scalp, is a fungal infection often seen in children. It can show up in a number of ways, but often as scaly patches of hair loss on the head. The patches are usually round or oval. The hairs may be broken off at the surface of the skin and look like black dots on the scalp.

If your child’s doctor suspects tinea capitis, a microscopic examination can confirm the diagnosis. Treatment usually involves an oral anti-fungal, such as grise of ulvin taken by mouth for eight weeks. Your child should also use an anti-fungal shampoo such as selenium sulfide or ketoconazole to decrease shedding of the fungus. Because ring worm is contagious, your child should be careful not to share any objects that touch the head such as hats, pillow cases, hair clippers, or brushes.

Alopecia Areata.

Alopecia areata is a non-contagious condition of hair loss thought to be caused by the body’s immune system attacking the hair follicles. It is characterized by the sudden appearance of round or oval patches of hair loss. The patches are slick or smooth, without scaling or broken hairs. About 25% of children also have pitting and ridging of the nails.
While there is no cure for alopecia areata, treatment can control the disease in some children. Many have their hair back within a year, although regrowth is unpredictable and many will lose hair again. For about 5% of children the disease progresses to alopecia total is — loss of all of the hair on the scalp. Some of these will develop alopecia universal is — a total loss of body hair. Trichotillomania (the habit of twisting or pulling hair out), Onset of this disorder tends to begin around the onset of puberty and usually continues through adulthood. Due to the constant extraction of the hair roots, permanent hair loss can occur.

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Prevention,Symptoms and Treatment Of The Zika Virus

Symptoms Of Zika Virus

Most people who get the virus do not get sick. One in five people do get the symptoms, which can include a fever, rash, joint pain and conjunctivitis (pinkeye). Symptoms are usually mild and  start 2 to 7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.

Most people find it difficult to notice if they are infected because they might be infected and treated without knowing, we called them Carriers. Carriers are person who can resist the disease although they are infected with the parasites. The mosquito spreads the disease by feeding on blood of an infected person.

Some of the nematode larvae live with the victims blood to the new victim. Adults infected with zika virus can develop a number of serious neurological conditions. Until now, the most troubling zika- related illness in adults has been Guillain-Barre syndrome, which causes muscle weakness and paralysis. Other neurological conditions include Inflammation and Swelling of the brain and Spinal cord.

Most people infected with zika will only have mild symptoms like

* Fever

* Headache

* Weakness and common cold

A blood or urine test can tell whether you have the infection.

Zika Effects On Pregnant Women

Zika virus can cause Microcephaly ( a serious both defect of the brain) and other problems in babies whose mother were infected. Some finding showed that birth defect could occur even in women who had no symptoms of zika infection. Zika virus can cause many defect in pregnancy which include- Vision problems, brain abnormalities, and other devastating consequences of brain damage.

Some babies have seizure, which other have little or no control over their limbs. Other do find feeding difficulty and trouble swallowing or breathing while eating.

And their are babies who cry constantly and are often inconsolable, no matter what their caregiver does to smooth them. Some babies maybe born with a normal head size, but may have underlying brain abnormalities, experience slow head growth and hearing issues.

Mode Of Transmittion

Zika can be spread from to person through sexual intercourse or blood transmission. Researchers conducted that casual contact such as kissing or sharing eating utensils is not enough for zika to move from one host to another. After infection, the virus remains in blood and saliva for a few weeks. And it remains in bodily fluids like breast milk for weeks and semen for months, the researchers said. It’s been unclear whether the saliva of an infected person poses a threat to other. The make-up of saliva maybe the main reason why zika can’t move from one person to person.

Here’s what you need to know BEFORE, DURING, and AFTER visiting to keep yourself and your family safe!


When traveling to visit friends or family, think about possible healthrisks during your trip. If Zika is in the area you are visiting, protect yourself and loved ones from mosquito bites and sexual transmission of Zika.

Zika can be passed from a pregnant woman to her fetus and can cause birth defects.

Follow these recommendation to protect your pregnancy:

*.If you are pregnant, do not visit areas with Zika. Learn how to protect yourself from Zika.

*Talk to your doctor about your travel plans if you are planning  getting pregnant in the near future.

*. It’s recommends waiting to get pregnant before traveling to an area with Zika. For time frames for both men and women.

What to take with you when traveling

* Clothing that will protect you from mosquito bites: long-sleeved shirts and long pants.

*.Clothing and gear (boots, pants, socks, and tents) sprayed with permethrin to help protect you from mosquito bites.

*.Enough insect repellent to last your entire trip for everyone whois traveling. It might be difficult to find the right kind to keep you safe when you’re away from home.

*.Bed net, if you might be sleeping in a room that is not well screened or air conditioned.

*.Condoms to protect yourself and your partner since Zika can be spread through sex.

Prevention Of  Zika

*.Protect yourself from mosquito bites.

*.Cover exposed skin with long sleeves and long pants.

*.Wear permethrin-treated wears and gear

*.Follow the instructions on the label.

*.If you are also using sunscreen, apply sunscreen first and insect repellent second.

*.Keep mosquitoes outside.

*.Stay and sleep in screened-in and air-conditioned rooms when possible.

*.Mosquito netting can be used to cover babies younger than 2months old in carriers, strollers, or cribs to protect them from mosquito bites.

NOTE: Zika virus can be found in a person’s blood after they return from their trip. If a mosquito bites that person then it can spread the virus to other people.

So it best to go for a medical checkup to see if you aren’t infected with the virus during your trip.

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