Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS
At the first stage of HIV many individuals develop most common symptoms which includes fever,large tender lymphnodes, throat inflammation, a rash, headache, and/or sores of the mouth and genitals in 2–4 weeks post exposure while others have no significant symptoms. The duration of the symptoms varies, but is usually one or two weeks.
These symptoms are not often recognized as signs of HIV infection, without treatment, this virus get to the second stage of the HIV infection and can last for about three years to over 20 years(on average, about eight years) before becoming AIDS, at the end of this stage many people experience fever, weight loss, gastrointestinal problems and muscle pains.
Symptoms Experience When The HIV Turns AIDS
People with AIDS have an increased risk of developing various viral-induced cancers, including Kaposi’s sarcoma, Burkitt’s lymphoma, primary central nervous system lymphoma, and cervical cancer. The second most common cancer is lymphoma, which is the second cause of death of nearly 16% of people with AIDS. Additionally, people with AIDS frequently have systemic symptoms such as prolong sweats (particularly at night), swollen lymph nodes, chills, weakness, and unintended weight loss. Diarrhea is another common symptom, present in about 90% of people with AIDS.
HIV/AIDs Symptoms in Men And Women
According to CDC, women made up 19 percent of the United States’ new HIV diagnoses in 2014, vast majority of new HIV diagnoses are majorly among Africa and African American women. New HIV cases diagnosed in women are more compared to new men’s HIV cases.
Symptoms that are common with HIV include:
Symptoms associated with AIDS include:
*.Rapid weight loss
*.Sores or ulcers in the mouth
*.Vaginal infections, like yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis
*.Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)
*.Recurring night sweats
*.Shortness of breath
*.Persistent or prolonged swelling of the lymph nodes
*.Memory loss, confusion or neurological disorders
Mode Of Transmittion Of HIV/AIDS
Sexual Transmission– It can happen when there is contact with infected sexual fluids (rectal, genital, or oral mucous membranes). This can happen while having unprotected sex, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex with someone infected with HIV. As of 2014, most HIV transmission in the United States occurred among men who had sex with men(83% of new HIV diagnoses among males aged 13 and older and 67% of total new diagnoses).
Blood Transmission– The risk of transmitting HIV through blood transfusion. Transmission can be through needle-sharing during intravenous drug use, needle stick injury, transfusion of contaminated blood or blood product, or medical injections with unsterilized equipment.
People giving or receiving tattoos, piercings, and scarification are theoretically at risk of infection but no confirmed cases have been documented. It is not possible for mosquitoes or other insects to transmit HIV.
HIV can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, during delivery, or throught breast milk resulting in infection in the baby. This is the third most common way in which HIV is transmitted globally.