Signs And Symptoms That Might Be Hard To Notices When Infected with HIV/AIDS Virus

Signs and Symptoms of HIV/AIDS

At the first stage of HIV many individuals develop most common symptoms which includes fever,large tender lymphnodes, throat inflammation, a rash, headache, and/or sores of the mouth and genitals in 2–4 weeks post exposure while others have no significant symptoms. The duration of the symptoms varies, but is usually one or two weeks.
These symptoms are not often recognized as signs of HIV infection, without treatment, this virus get to the second stage of the HIV infection and can last for about three years to over 20 years(on average, about eight years) before becoming AIDS, at the end of this stage many people experience fever, weight loss, gastrointestinal problems and muscle pains.

Symptoms Experience When The HIV Turns AIDS

People with AIDS have an increased risk of developing various viral-induced cancers, including Kaposi’s sarcoma, Burkitt’s lymphoma, primary central nervous system lymphoma, and cervical cancer. The second most common cancer is lymphoma, which is the second cause of death of nearly 16% of people with AIDS. Additionally, people with AIDS frequently have systemic symptoms such as prolong sweats (particularly at night), swollen lymph nodes, chills, weakness, and unintended weight loss. Diarrhea is another common symptom, present in about 90% of people with AIDS.


HIV/AIDs Symptoms in Men And Women

According to CDC, women made up 19 percent of the United States’ new HIV diagnoses in 2014, vast majority of new HIV diagnoses are majorly among Africa and African American women. New HIV cases diagnosed in women are more compared to new men’s HIV cases.

Symptoms that are common with HIV include:

*.Body rash

*.Fever

*.Sore throat

*.Severe headaches

Symptoms associated with AIDS include:

*.Persistent diarrhea

.Nausea

*.Vomiting

*.Rapid weight loss

*.Fatigue

*.Sores or ulcers in the mouth

*.Vaginal infections, like yeast infections and bacterial vaginosis

*.Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID)

*.Recurring fever

*.Recurring chills

*.Recurring night sweats

*.Shortness of breath

*.Coughing

*.Persistent or prolonged swelling of the lymph nodes

*.Memory loss, confusion or neurological disorders


Mode Of Transmittion Of HIV/AIDS

 

Sexual Transmission– It can happen when there is contact with infected sexual fluids (rectal, genital, or oral mucous membranes). This can happen while having unprotected sex, including vaginal, oral, and anal sex with someone infected with HIV. As of 2014, most HIV transmission in the United States occurred among men who had sex with men(83% of new HIV diagnoses among males aged 13 and older and 67% of total new diagnoses).


Blood Transmission–  The risk of transmitting HIV through blood transfusion. Transmission can be through needle-sharing during intravenous drug use, needle stick injury, transfusion of contaminated blood or blood product, or medical injections with unsterilized equipment. 

NOTE:

People giving or receiving tattoos, piercings, and scarification are theoretically at risk of infection but no confirmed cases have been documented. It is not possible for mosquitoes or other insects to transmit HIV.


Mother-To-Child Transmission

HIV can be transmitted from mother to child during pregnancy, during delivery, or throught breast milk resulting in infection in the baby. This is the third most common way in which HIV is transmitted globally. 

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How Viral Has The HIV/AIDS Virus Become

Population Of People Infected With HIV/AIDS

According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UN AIDS), it is estimated that as of 2016, approximately 36.7 million people have HIV worldwide with the number of new infections that year being about 1.8 million. This is down from 3.1 million new infections in 2001. Slightly over half the infected population are women and 2.1 million are children. It resulted in about 1 million deaths in 2016, down from apeak of 1.9 million in 2005.

It is further estimated that about one-quarter of all Americans having HIV are not aware that they are carrying the virus, according to the CDC. In 2008 in the United States approximately 1.2 million people were living with HIV, resulting in about 17,500 deaths.

Sub-Saharan Africa is the region most affected. In 2010, an estimated 68% (22.9 million) of all HIV cases and 66% of all deaths (1.2 million) occurred in this region. This means that about 5% of the adult population is infected and it is believed to be the cause of 10% of all deaths in children. Here in contrast to other regions women compose nearly 60% of cases. South Africa has the largest population of people with HIV of any country in the world at 5.9 million.

South & South East Asia is the second most affected; in 2010 this region contained an estimated 4 million cases or 12% of all people living with HIV resulting in approximately 250,000 deaths. Approximately 2.4 million of these cases are in India.

AIDS is now regarded as the deadliest infectious disease among adults worldwide thereby displacing malaria and tuberculosis from that position. Between 1999 and 2000 more people died of AIDS in Africa than in all the wars on the continent, as mentioned by the former UN Secretary General,Kofi Annan.

The deepening poverty across the continent has created fertile ground for the spread of infectious diseases. Most developing countries were spending more repaying foreign debts than on health or education for their people, which has lead to the denial of access to the poor, who cannot afford to pay HIV/AIDS drugs.

There is no cure, but there are many medicines that fight HIV infection and lower the risk of infecting others. People who get early treatment can live withthe disease for a long time.


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Secret Fact You Don’t know About The HIV/AIDS Virus

In the interest of human reproductive significant, it is considered relevant to give more facts about HIV/AIDS for purpose of education and knowledge/awareness.
The Meaning Of HIV/AIDS

HIV is an abbreviations or an acronym for “Human Immunodeficiency Virus“- the virus that causes AIDS, a sexually transmitted diseases (STD). The virus causing AIDS, attacks and destroy certain white blood cells in the immune system. This leave the infected person without a defense when disease causing microorganisms invade his body. As a result, he suffers from all kinds of microbial infections which eventually cause his death.

AIDS is the abbreviations or an acronym for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome. It is a disease in which the immune systems is completely broken down by a Micro-Organisms, these microorganisms cause infections known as “Opportunistic Infections” an (OI) diseases. AIDS is at present the most deadly sexually transmitted diseases.

When One Is Infected With HIV

The body’s defense or immune cells are normally the white blood cells, especially specific type of immune cells known as T-helper or CD4 cells. When an individual is infected with, HIV, the virus enter the body and inhabits the white blood cells where it multiplies primarily. As the virus grows, it destroys these defense cells and other cells, thus weakening the body’s immune system. Once the immune system losses too many CD4 cells, the body’s defense against infections crumbles and the victim becomes vulnerable to various disease-causing Micro-Organisms causing various opportunistic infections and other diseases ranging from pneumonia to cancer.
According to the US Centres For Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an individual is diagnosed for AIDS if he/she has either one or both of the following conditions:

i. The presence of one or more of the 21 AIDS-related OIS or illnesses; and a CD4 count has reached or fellen below 200 cells per cm of blood.

ii. A healthy person has a normal T-cell count or CD4 count of 450 to 1,250 cells per cm of blood.

How Soon Do Person Infected With Develop AIDS?

In some individuals, symptoms of AIDS develop soon after infection with HIV. Such symptoms include decline in Tcell or CD4 count and presence of IOs signaling AIDS. But in most people, the symptoms take 10 to 12 years to develop while in a few others, it even takes longer time. Early medical care in most disease is essential to prolong one’s life.

How The HIV/AIDS Virus Was Discovered

AIDS was first clinically observed in 1981 in the United States. In the early days, the CDC did not have an official name for the disease, often referring to it by way of the diseases that were associated with it, for example-lymphadenopathy. At one point, the CDC coined the phrase “the 4H disease”, since the syndrome seemed to affect heroin users, homosexuals, hemophiliacs, and Haitians.
The term AIDS was introduced at a meeting in July 1982. By September 1982 the CDC started referring to the disease as AIDS. In 1983, two separate research groups led by Robert Galloand and Luc Montagnier declared that a novel retrovirus may have been infecting people with AIDS.
Both research group discovery almost looks the same. Because if the striking similar in shape to other human lymphadenopathy viruses, Galloand group named it HTLVs-III which is Human T-lymphotropic viruses. While Montagnier named it lymphadenopathy-associated virus (LAV)

As these two viruses turned out to be the same, in 1986, LAV and HTLV-III were renamed HIV.

Origin: Where Did The HIV/AIDS Came From?

Two types of HIV have been characterized: HIV-1 and HIV-2.

HIV-1 is the virus that was originally discovered (and initially referred to also as LAV or HTLV-III). It is more virulent, more infective, and is the cause of the majority of HIV infections globally. 

While the lower infectivity of HIV-2 as compared with HIV-1 implies that fewer people exposed to HIV-2 will be infected per exposure. Because of its relatively poor capacity for transmission, HIV-2 is mostly confined to West Africa.

Both HIV-1 and HIV-2 are believed to have originated in nonhuman primates in West-central Africa and were transferred to humans in the early 20th century. HIV-1 appears to have originated in southern Cameroon through the evolution of SIV(cpz) – simian immuno deficiency virus. 

The African green monkey is the source of SIV, the sooty mangabey — an Old World monkey living in coastal West Africa (from southern Senegal to western Côte d’Ivoire). Old World monkeys such as the owl monkey is the source of HIV-2 and the chimpanzee source of HIV-1

The earliest well-documented case of HIV in a human dates back to 1959 in the Congo. The earliest retrospectively described case of AIDS is believed to have been in Norway beginning in 1966. Dr. Jacques Pépin, a Quebecer author of The Origins of AIDS, stipulates that Haiti was one of HIV‘s entry points to the United States and that one of them may have carried HIV back across the Atlantic in the 1960s.

By 1978, the prevalence of HIV-1 among homosexual male residents of New York City and San Francisco was estimated at 5%, suggesting that several thousand individuals in the country had been infected.

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