Are There Really Signs And Symptoms Of High Blood Pressure?
High blood pressure usually has no signs or symptoms, and so hypertension has been labeled “the silent killer.” Longstanding high blood pressure can lead to multiple complications including heart attack, kidney disease, or stroke, so the only way to know if you have high blood pressure is to have yours measured.
Some people experience symptoms with their high blood pressure. These symptoms include:
*.Headache- usually, this will last for several days.
*.Nausea – a sensation of unease and discomfort in the stomach with an urge to vomit.
*.Vomiting – less common than just nausea.
*.Dizziness – Light headedness, unsteadiness, and vertigo.
*.Blurred ordouble vision (diplopia).
*.Epistaxis – nosebleeds.
*.Palpitations – disagreeable sensations of irregular and/or forceful beating of the heart.
*.Dyspnea – breathlessness, shortness of breath.
What Causes High Blood Pressure?
For most people, there may be no single cause for their High Blood Pressure. We do not know exactly what causes High Blood Pressure. We do know that your lifestyle can affect your risk of developing it.
There are some factors that increase your risk of developing high blood pressure, which you cannot control. These include:
Age: as you get older, the effects of an unhealthy lifestyle can build up and your blood pressure can increase.
Ethnic origin: people from African-Caribbean and South Asian communities are at greater risk than other people of High Blood Pressure.
Family history: you are at greater risk if other members of your family have had High Blood Pressure.
Temperature: A study that monitored 8,801 participants over the age of 65 found that systolic and diastolic blood pressure values differed significantly across the year and according to the distribution of outdoor temperature. Blood pressure was lower when it got warmer, and rose when it got colder.
Obesity and overweight: Both overweight and obese people are more likely to develop high blood pressure, compared to people of normal weight.
Smoking: Smoking causes the blood vessels to narrow, resulting in higher blood pressure. Smoking also reduces the blood’s oxygen content so the heart has to pump faster in order to compensate, causing a rise in blood pressure.
Alcohol intake: People who drink regularly have higher systolic blood pressure than people who do not, according to researchers. They found that systolic blood pressure levels are about 7 mmHg higher in frequent drinkers than in people who do not drink.
Mental stress: Various studies have offered compelling evidence that mental stress, especially over the long term, can have a serious impact on blood pressure. One study suggested thatthe way that air traffic controllers handle stress can affect whether theyare at risk of developing high blood pressure later in life.
Diabetes: People with diabetes are at a higher risk of developing hypertension. Among patients with type 1 diabetes, high blood sugar is a risk factor for incident hypertension – effective and consistent blood sugar control, with insulin, reduces the long-term risk of developing hypertension.
Psoriasis: A study that followed 78,000 women for 14 years found that having psoriasis was linked to a higher risk of developing high blood pressure and diabetes. Psoriasis is an immune system condition that appears on the skin in the form of thick, red scaly patches.
Pregnancy: Pregnant women have a higher risk of developing hypertension than women of the same age who are not pregnant. It is the most common medical problem encountered during pregnancy, complicating 2% to 3% of all pregnancies.
Tips To Get Your Blood Pressure Down To Normal.
The 2004 British Hypertension Society guidelines proposed lifestyle changes consistent with those outlined by the US National High BP Education Program in 2002 for the primary prevention of hypertension:
*.maintain normal body weight for adults (e.g.body mass index 20–25 kg/m2)
*.reduce dietary sodium intake to <100 mmol/ day (<6 g of sodium chloride or <2.4 g of sodium per day)
*.engage in regular aerobic physical activity such as brisk walking (≥30 min per day, most days of the week)
*.limit alcohol consumption to no more than 3 units/day in men and no more than 2 units/day in women
*.consume a diet rich in fruit and vegetables (e.g. at least five portions per day);