The Complete Guide For Quitting Smoking

Tobacco use can lead to tobacco/nicotine dependence and serious health problems.Quitting smoking greatly reduces the risk of developing smoking-related diseases.

Tobacco/nicotine dependence is a condition that often requires repeated treatments, but there are helpful treatments and resources for quitting.

Smokers can and do quit smoking. In fact,today there are more former smokers than current smokers.1


Nicotine Dependence

  • Most smokers become addicted to nicotine, a drug that is found naturally in tobacco.
  • More people in the United States are addicted to nicotine than to any other drug. Research suggests that nicotine may be as addictive as heroin, cocaine, or alcohol.
  • Quitting smoking is hard and may require several attempts. People who stop smoking often start again because of withdrawal symptoms, stress, and weight gain.
  • Nicotine withdrawal symptoms may include:
    • Feeling irritable, angry, or anxious
    • Having trouble thinking
    • Craving tobacco products
    • Feeling hungrier than usual

Health Benefits of Quitting

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Tobacco smoke contains a deadly mix of more than 7,000 chemicals; hundreds are harmful, and about 70 can cause cancer. Smoking increases the risk for serious health problems, many diseases, and death.

People who stop smoking greatly reduce their risk for disease and early death. Although the health benefits are greater for people who stop at earlier ages, there are benefits at any age. You are never too old to quit.

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Stopping smoking is associated with the following health benefits:

  • Lowered risk for lung cancer and many other types of cancer.
  • Reduced risk for heart disease, stroke, and peripheral vascular disease (narrowing of the blood vessels outside your heart).
  • Reduced heart disease risk within 1 to 2 years of quitting.
  • Reduced respiratory symptoms, such as coughing, wheezing, and shortness of breath. While these symptoms may not disappear, they do not continue to progress at the same rate among people who quit compared with those who continue to smoke.
  • Reduced risk of developing some lung diseases (such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, also known as COPD, one of the leading causes of death in the United States).
  • Reduced risk for infertility in women of childbearing age. Women who stop smoking during pregnancy also reduce their risk of having a low birth weight baby.

Smokers’ Attempts to Quit

Among all current U.S. adult cigarette smokers, nearly 7 out of every 10 (68.0%) reported in 2015 that they wanted to quit completely.

  • Since 2002, the number of former smokers has been greater than the number of current smokers.

Percentage of adult daily cigarette smokers who stopped smoking for more than 1 day in 2015 because they were trying to quit:

  • More than 5 out of 10 (55.4%) of all adult smokers
  • Nearly 7 out of 10 (66.7%) smokers aged 18–24 years
  • Nearly 6 out of 10 (59.8%) smokers aged 25–44 years
  • More than 4 out of 10 (49.6%)smokers aged 45–64 years
  • About 4 out of 10 (47.2%) smokers aged 65 years or older

Percentage of high school cigarette smokers who tried to stop smoking in the past 12 months:

  • More than 4 out of 10 (45.5%) of all high school students who smoke

Ways to Quit Smoking

Most former smokers quit without using one of the treatments that scientific research has shown can work. However, the following treatments are proven to be effective for smokers who want help to quit:

  • Brief help by a doctor (such as when a doctor takes 10 minutes or less to give a patient advice and assistance about quitting)
  • Individual, group, or telephone counseling6
  • Behavioral therapies (such as training in problem solving)6
  • Treatments with more person-to-person contact and more intensity (such as more or longer counseling sessions)6
  • Programs to deliver treatments using mobile phones12

Medications for quitting that have been found to be effective include the following:

  • Nicotine replacement products
  • Over-the-counter (nicotine patch [which is also available by prescription], gum, lozenge)
    • Prescription (nicotine patch, inhaler, nasal spray)
  • Prescription non-nicotine medications: bupropion SR (Zyban®),6 varenicline tartrate (Chantix®)
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Counseling and medication are both effective for treating tobacco dependence, and using them together is more effective than using either one alone.6

  • More information is needed about quitting for people who smoke cigarettes and also use other types of tobacco.1

Helpful Resources

Quitline Services

Call 1-800-QUIT-NOW (1-800-784-8669) if you want help quitting. This is a free telephone support service that can help people who want to stop smoking or using tobacco. Callers are routed to their state quitlines, which offer several types of quit information and services. These may include:

  • Free support, advice, and counseling from experienced quitline coaches
  • A personalized quit plan
  • Practical information on how to quit, including ways to cope with nicotine withdrawal
  • The latest information about stop-smoking medications
  • Free or discounted medications (available for at least some callers in most states)
  • Referrals to other resources
  • Mailed self-help materials

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    Could Common Vitamin Supplements Raise Lung Cancer Risk In Male Smokers?

    Men, and especially male smokers, appear to be more likely to develop lung cancer if they take high doses of vitamins B6 and B12, new research suggests. For men taking these vitamin supplements, the risk of lung cancer was nearly doubled. For men who smoked, the risk was between three and four times higher, the study found.
    High-dose of B6 and B12 supplements should not be taken for lung cancer prevention, especially in men, and they may cause harm in male smokers. 

    However, the study wasn’t designed to prove cause-and-effect between the vitamins and lung cancer; it only showed an association. It’s also not clear why only men and current male smokers seem to face an extra risk.
    Most people get enough vitamin B6 through their diets, according to the U.S. National Institutes of Health (NIH). Some people with certain health conditions may need supplements.

    As for vitamin B12, the NIH reports that most people get enough from their diet. But some groups — such as older people and vegetarians — may be deficient and need supplements. The vitamin may also cause interactions with medications.
    Dietary sources of vitamin B6 and B12 include fortified cereals and foods that are high in protein.

    A new study that included more than 77,000 adults, aged 50 to 76. The participants were recruited from 2000 to 2002, and answered questions about their vitamin use over the previous 10 years.

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    The researchers found that just over 800 of the study volunteers developed lung cancer over an average follow-up of six years.

    The study found no sign of a link between folate (a type of B vitamin) and lung cancer risk. And vitamin B6 and B12 supplements didn’t seem to affect risk in women.

    However, it’s found that men who took more than 20 milligrams per day of B6 averaged over 10 years had an 82 percent increased risk of lung cancer relative to men who did not take supplemental B vitamins from any source.

    Men who took more than 55 micrograms per day of B12 had a 98 percent increased lung cancer risk relative to men who did not take B vitamins.

    Men who smoked at the beginning of the study period and consumed high levels of the B vitamins were three to four times more likely to develop lung cancer.

    B6 which is typically sold in 100 mg (milligram) tablets. B12 is often sold between 500 mcg (microgram) and 3,000 mcg tablets.

    In contrast, most multivitamins include 100 percent of the U.S. Recommended Dietary Allowance, which is under 2 mg per day for B6 and 2.4 mcg per day for B12. People should really ask themselves if they need over 1,200 times the RDA (recommended daily allowance) of a substance.

    The study doesn’t conclusively link higher doses of the vitamins to higher rates of lung cancer. If there is a connection, it’s not clear how the vitamins might influence the cancer risk, but may have something to do with how the vitamins interact with male sex hormones.

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    There is clearly no evidence that these vitamins have any substantial protective effect on smokers. Smokers taking these vitamins should quit smoking due to a higher risk of lung cancer from higher doses of vitamins.
    There’s a strong belief that vitamins would never harm you. As in much of nutrition, the story is more complicated than that. 

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    Marijuana May Help Ease Nerve Pain, Review Finds

    Marijuana maybe slightly effective at reducing chronic nerve pain known as neuropathy. But there’s little evidence on whether or not pot helps treat other types of pain or post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), a pair of new studies suggests.
    Medical marijuana is legal in almost all states in the united States including the District of Columbia for certain medical purposes. Some states may have laws that haven’t yet been implemented, according to NORML, a pro-marijuana legalization group.

    But research into the medical uses of marijuana remains controversial. Plus, it’s difficult for scientists to study the drug because it is illegal on the federal level.

    However, some research has found positive results. Earlier this year, the National Academy of Sciences released a report saying there is conclusive or substantial scientific evidence that marijuana is effective at treating chronic pain, calming muscle spasms caused by multiple sclerosis, and easing nausea from chemotherapy.

    The new reviews into pain and PTSD were commissioned by the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. The department refused to allow the authors of the reviews to be interviewed to discuss the findings.
    For the review of research into chronic nerve pain and marijuana, the researchers examined 27 studies. The investigators determined that there’s “low strength” evidence that marijuana can help nerve pain. But there’s just not enough reliable research to come to a conclusion about whether marijuana is useful for other types of pain, the study authors determined.

    The researchers also looked at 32 studies and 11 reviews of research on side effects. They noted several potential risks of marijuana use such as car accidents, psychotic symptoms and short-term cognitive impairment.
    However, the review noted that research into risks and side effects is limited.

    The researchers said their findings may have “limited applicability to older, chronically ill populations and patients who use cannabis heavily.
    Just because states list certain conditions for which medical cannabis can be prescribed does not mean there is strong or rigorous scientific data supporting its use.
    Patients should be  aware of potential benefits, and also potential harms before taking this hard drugs.

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    How To Break Free From Drugs Addiction

    Encyclopedia defines addiction as “Habitual repetition of excessive behavior that a person is unable or unwilling to stop, despite harmful consequence“.

    Millions of youth are living with daily turmoil of being hooked up on drugs. Most of this addiction can cause painful problems affecting your health and social lifestyles. In fact, many drugs addiction often harbor negative feelings about oneself. Some of this addiction grew up in families where their own parents were drugs addiction.

    Taking drugs only compounds a person’s problems; has thinking and emotions now become even more wrapped.

    Major Causes Of drugs Addiction

    * Parent influence  Many youth today follows the footsteps of their parent. Parent sometimes don’t know that their action can affect the way their children thinks and behave. Children see their parent as a mentor which allow them to think most habit done by their parent are always right.

    * Peer influence   Drugs addiction are common among friends, especially when we mix up with the wrong one’s. Those friends maybe aggressive, they wouldn’t take no for an answer, they will like to see how far you can go.

    Most of the times wrong things always present itself which is sometimes hard to reject. Peer influence can really have powerful influence over us.

    *Media influence   Use of drugs are mostly portrait in TV shows or movies as part of society trend. Drugs gangs and buyers are acted by popular movie actors.

    Video games also focus on storylines base on drugs. On TV and movies it’s always made glamorous and exciting.

    *Environmental influence   Most environment encourage the use of drugs like tobacco, Indian hemp, cocaine and marijuana. Several youth in those environment are nearly introduce to drugs at early age. Most youth are even offered free drugs and once they are hooked, they had to buy them.


    Consequences Of Drugs Addiction

    * High level of stress

    * people who are addicted to drugs destroy significant amount of mental capacity

    * Drugs addiction is also associated with increased acne, premature wrinkles of the skin and weak havoc on nervous system like: The liver and The heart

    * Ruined friendships, poor performance at school or at work

    * Excessive drugs like tobacco or cocaine can deprive the brain of oxygen, vital bodily functions to begin to shut down. Symptoms like: Vomiting, unconsciousness, slow or irregular breathing, in most case death can result

    * Vulnerable to all kinds of assault like murder, violence and theft

    * Criminal records: Arrested and jailed for drugs position and trafficking

    * Ending up in mental hospital or rehabilitation center

    * Suicide

    How To Quit Drugs Addiction

    * Don’t blame anyone for your addiction  Taking full responsibilities of your action is the first steps of breaking free if drugs addiction. Your biggest problems might be admitting that you are addicted.

    * Identity the effect it has on you Ask yourself “what really can you really gain from drugs“?  Addiction to can lead you to poverty, the cost of money, loss of friends and families, and loss of other people respects.

    * Find upbuilding association

    When life around you is chaotic you can lose sight of what is not normal by association with people who are spiritually and emotionally healthy.

    * Be convinced   Write down your reasons for quitting, and review this list regularly

    * Get help   If you’ve been smoking in secret, now is the time to come clean. Tell those that you can trust about your secret and ask for their support

    * Set a quit date   Give yourself two weeks or less and mark on your calendar the day you are determined to quit. Tell your family and friends that you are quitting on that day.

    * Search and destroy   Before you reach your quit date, scour your room, car, and clothing for any cigarettes, Destroy them. Get rid of lighters, matches and ashtrays any drugs tools.

    * Avoid triggers   Stay away from situations and places where you would be tempted to smoke. You may also need to cut off social contact with associates who are also addicted to drugs.

    Hope this article help you on how to break free from drugs addiction. Please feel free to let me know what you think

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