What Is Rosacea?
Rosacea are red blushing and bumps that are a bit like acne.
Rosacea starts as redness on the cheeks, nose, chin, or forehead (and less often on the neck, scalp, chest, or ears). At first, rosacea comes and goes. After a while, the redness deepens and lasts longer. Visible blood vessels appear in the skin.
From a sunburn to an allergic reaction, there are many situations in which your skin can become red or irritated. It may be because extra blood rushes to the skin’s surface tofight off irritants and encourage healing.
If not treated, pimples and bumps develop and the nose might become large and bumpy as tissue builds up.
Rosacea is not something you catch. Rosacea usually doesn’t appear before age 30 and can run in families. It’s most common in people who blush or flush easily. People tend not to recognize rosacea because it develops gradually. After a while, they begin to think they just flush easily, or that they’re having periodic acne attacks.
Rosacea affects 14 million adults in the U.S., but only 1 in 4 people have even heard of it.
National Rosacea Society poll shows that three out of four Americans never heard about this commonskin problem. Yet it affects 14 million U.S. men and women. Left untreated, rosacea can become disfiguring.
What Causes It?
Doctors don’t know exactly what causes rosacea. A few things that may play a role are:
Your genes. Rosacea often runs in families. Rosacea tends to be more frequent in certain ethnic groups. One survey by the National Rosacea Society found that 33% of respondents reported having at least one parent of Irish heritage, and 27% had a parent of English descent. Other ethnic groups with higher rates of rosacea included people of Scandinavian, Scottish, Welsh, or eastern European descent.
Blood vessel trouble. The redness on your skin might be due to problems with blood vessels in your face. Sun damage could cause them to get wider, which makes it easier for other people to see them.
Bacteria. A type called H. pylori normally livesin your gut. Some studies suggest this germ can raise the amount of a digestive hormone called gastrin, which might cause your skin to look flushed.
Some things about you may make you more likely to get rosacea. For instance, your chances of getting the skin condition go up if you:
*.Have light skin, blonde hair, and blue eyes
*.Are between ages 30 and 50
*.Are a woman
*.Have family members with rosacea
*.Had severe Acne
The biggest thing you’ll notice is redness on your cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead. Less often, the color can appear on your neck, head, ears, or chest.
After a while, broken blood vessels might show through your skin, which can thicken and swell up. Up to half of people with rosacea also get eye problems like redness, swelling, and pain.
Other symptoms you may get are:
*.Stinging and burning of your skin
*.Patches of rough,dry skin
*.A swollen, bulb-shaped nose
*.Broken blood vessels on your eyelids
*.Bumps on your eyelids
*.Problems with seeing
Your rosacea symptoms can come and go. They might flare up for a few weeks, fade, and then come back.
Getting treatment is a must, so make sure you see your doctor. If you don’t take care of your rosacea, redness and swelling can get worse and might become permanent.
Treatment– especially when begun in the early stages — can work wonders.
Fortunately, there are some very good treatment options. The bottom-line message is this: There is real hope out there for people with rosacea. Your doctor may suggest these medicines:
*.Brimonidine (Mirvaso), a gel that tightens bloodvessels in the skin to get rid of some of your redness.
*.Azelaic acid, a gel and foam that clears up bumps, swelling, and redness.
*.Metronidazole (Flagyl) and doxycycline, antibiotics that kill bacteria on your skin and bring down redness and swelling.
*.Isotretinoin (Amnesteem, Claravis, and others), an acne drug that clears upskin bumps. Don’t use it if you’re pregnant because it can cause serious birth defects.
It can take you a few weeks or months of using one of these medicines for your skin to improve.
Your doctor may also recommend some procedures to treat your rosacea, such as:
*.Lasers that use intense light to get rid of blood vessels that have gotten bigger
*.Dermabrasion, which sands off the top layer of skin
*.Electrocautery, an electric current zaps damaged blood vessels.
DIY Skin Care for Rosacea
There’s a lot you can do on your own. For starters, try to figure out the things that trigger an outbreak, and then avoid them. To help you do this, keep a journal that tracks your activities and your flare-ups. Also try to follow these tips every day to help fade the redness on your skin.