Because anxiety disorders are a group of related conditions rather than a single disorder, they can look very different from person to person. Symptoms of anxiety can range in number, intensity, and frequency, depending on the person. While almost everyone has experienced anxiety at some point in their lives, most do not develop long-term problems with anxiety.
Anxiety may cause psychiatric and physiological symptoms:
The Behavioral Effects Of Anxiety
May include withdrawal from situations which have provoked anxiety or negative feelings in the past. Other effects may include changes in sleeping patterns, changes in habits, increase or decrease in food intake, and increased motor tension (such as foot tapping).
The Emotional Effects Of Anxiety
May include “feelings of apprehension or dread, trouble concentrating, feeling tense or jumpy, anticipating the worst, irritability, restlessness, watching (and waiting) for signs (and occurrences) of danger, and, feeling like your mind’s gone blank” as well as nightmares/bad dreams, obsessions about sensations, déjà vu, a trapped in your mind feeling, and feeling like everything is scary.
The Cognitive Effects Of Anxiety
May include thoughts about suspected dangers, such as fear of dying. “You may … fear that the chest pains are a deadly heart attack or that the shooting pains in your head are the result of a tumor or an aneurysm. You feel an intense fear when you think of dying, or you may think of it more often than normal, or can’t get it out of your mind.”
The physiological symptoms of anxiety may include:
*.Neurological, as headache, paresthesias, vertigo, or presyncope.
*.Digestive, as abdominal pain, nausea, diarrhea, indigestion, dry mouth, orbolus.
*.Respiratory, as shortness of breathor sighing breathing.
*.Cardiac, as palpitation palpitations, tachycardia, orchest pain.
*.Muscular, as fatigue, tremors, ortetany.
*.Cutaneous, as perspiration, or itchy skin. Click here…..
*.Uro-genital, frequent urination, urinary urgency, dyspareunia, or impotence.
Anxiety Attacks And Their Symptoms
Anxiety attacks, also known aspanic attacks, are episodes of intense panic or fear. Anxiety attacks usually occur suddenly and without warning. Sometimes there’s an obvious trigger—getting stuck in an elevator, for example, or thinking about the big speech you have to give—but in other cases, the attacks come out of the blue. Anxiety attacks usually peak within 10 minutes, and they rarely last more than 30 minutes. But during that short time, the terror can be so severe that you feel as if you’re about to die or totally lose control. The physical symptoms of anxiety attacks are themselves so frightening that many people believe they’re having a heart attack. After an anxiety attack is over, you may be worried about having another one, particularly in a public place where help isn’t available or you can’t easily escape.
Symptoms Of An Anxiety Attack
* Surge of overwhelming panic
* Feeling of losing control or going crazy
* Heart palpitations or chest pain feeling like you’re going to pass out
* Trouble breathing or choking sensation
* Hot flashes or chills
* Trembling or shaking nausea,
* Stomach cramps feeling detached or unreal.
It’s important to seek help if you’re starting to avoid certain situations or places because you’re afraid of having a panic attack. The good news is that panic attack are highly treatable.
There are six major types of anxiety disorders, each with their own distinct symptom profile:
Generalized Anxiety Disorder
If constant worries and fears distract you from your day-to-day activities, or you’re troubled by a persistent feeling that something bad is going to happen, you may be suffering fromgeneralized anxiety disorder (GAD). People with GAD are chronic worrywarts who feel anxious nearly all of the time, though they may not even know why. Anxiety related to GAD often shows up as physical symptoms like insomnia, stomach upset, restlessness, and fatigue.
Agoraphobia Anxiety Disorder
People who have agoraphobia have a fear of certain places or situations that make them feel trapped, powerless, or embarrassed. These feelings lead to panic attacks. People with agoraphobia may try to avoid these places and situations to prevent panic attacks.
Panic Attacks And Panic Disorder
Panic disorder is characterized by repeated, unexpected panic attacks, as well as fear of experiencing another episode. A panic disorder may also be accompanied by agoraphobia, which is the fear of being in places where escape or help would be difficult in the event of a panic attack. If you have agoraphobia, you are likely to avoid public places such as shopping malls, or confined spaces such as an airplane.
Obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD) is characterized by unwanted thoughts or behaviors that seem impossible to stop or control. If you have OCD, you may be troubled by obsessions, such asa recurring worry that you forgot to turn off the oven or that you might hurt someone. You may also suffer from uncontrollable compulsions, such as washing your hands over and over.
Phobias And Irrational Fears
Aphobiais an unrealistic or exaggerated fear of a specific object, activity, or situation that in reality presents little to no danger. Common phobias include fear of animals (such as snakes and spiders), fear of flying, and fear of heights. In the case of a severe phobia, you might go to extreme lengths to avoid the thing you fear. Unfortunately, avoidance only strengthens the phobia.
Social Anxiety Disorder And Social Phobia
If you have a debilitating fear of being seen negatively by others and humiliated in public, you may have social anxiety disorder, also known as social phobia. Social anxiety disorder can be thought of as extreme shyness. In severe cases, social situations are avoided altogether. Performance anxiety (better known as stage fright) is the most common type of social phobia.
Post-traumatic Stress Disorder
Post-traumatic stress disorder(PTSD) is an extreme anxiety disorder that can occur in the aftermath of a traumatic or life-threatening event. PTSD can be thought of as a panic attack that rarely, if ever, lets up. Symptoms of PTSD include flashbacks or nightmares about what happened, hypervigilance, startling easily, withdrawing from others, and avoiding situations that remind you of the event.
Selective Mutism Anxiety Disorder
Selective mutism is a consistent failure of children to speak in certain situations, such as school, even when they can speak in other situations, such as at home with close family members. This can interfere with school, work and social functioning.
Separation Anxiety Disorder
Separation anxiety disorder is a childhood disorder characterized by anxiety that’s excessive for the child’s developmental level and related to separation from parents or others who have parental roles.
CAUSES OF ANXIETY DISORDER
The causes of anxiety disorders aren’t fully understood. In some cases, anxiety may be caused by an underlying health issue and could be the first signs of a physical, rather than mental, illness. Anxiety disorders are partly genetic but may also be due to drug use, including alcohol, caffeine, and benzodiazepines (which are often prescribed to treat anxiety), as well as withdrawal from drugs of abuse.
Researchers don’t know exactly what brings on anxiety disorders.
Like other form of mental illness, they stem from a combination of things, including changes in your brain and environmental stress, and even your genes. The disorders can run in families andcould be linked to faulty circuits in the brain that control fear and other emotions.
It’s possible that your anxiety may be due toan underlying medical condition if:
*.You don’t have any blood relatives (such as a parent or sibling) with an anxiety disorder.
*.You didn’t have an anxiety disorder as child.
*.You don’t avoid certain things or situations because of anxiety.
*.You have a sudden occurrence of anxiety that seems unrelated to life events and you didn’t have a previous history of anxiety.
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