Population Of People Infected With HIV/AIDS
According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UN AIDS), it is estimated that as of 2016, approximately 36.7 million people have HIV worldwide with the number of new infections that year being about 1.8 million. This is down from 3.1 million new infections in 2001. Slightly over half the infected population are women and 2.1 million are children. It resulted in about 1 million deaths in 2016, down from apeak of 1.9 million in 2005.
It is further estimated that about one-quarter of all Americans having HIV are not aware that they are carrying the virus, according to the CDC. In 2008 in the United States approximately 1.2 million people were living with HIV, resulting in about 17,500 deaths.
Sub-Saharan Africa is the region most affected. In 2010, an estimated 68% (22.9 million) of all HIV cases and 66% of all deaths (1.2 million) occurred in this region. This means that about 5% of the adult population is infected and it is believed to be the cause of 10% of all deaths in children. Here in contrast to other regions women compose nearly 60% of cases. South Africa has the largest population of people with HIV of any country in the world at 5.9 million.
South & South East Asia is the second most affected; in 2010 this region contained an estimated 4 million cases or 12% of all people living with HIV resulting in approximately 250,000 deaths. Approximately 2.4 million of these cases are in India.
AIDS is now regarded as the deadliest infectious disease among adults worldwide thereby displacing malaria and tuberculosis from that position. Between 1999 and 2000 more people died of AIDS in Africa than in all the wars on the continent, as mentioned by the former UN Secretary General,Kofi Annan.
The deepening poverty across the continent has created fertile ground for the spread of infectious diseases. Most developing countries were spending more repaying foreign debts than on health or education for their people, which has lead to the denial of access to the poor, who cannot afford to pay HIV/AIDS drugs.